Mike FM, CKIN-FM ask CRTC to reduce ethnic programming level

Mike FM studios on Parc Ave.

Mike FM studios on Parc Ave.

Tired of tuning into 105.1 FM looking for 90s hits and the comedy skits of Tasso Patsikakis only to find out that you’re listening to some Greek music instead?

Well, the Montreal-based commercial ethnic station Mike FM (CKDG), and its sister station CKIN-FM, are looking to change that. Owner Canadian Hellenic Cable Radio Ltd. (Marie Griffiths) has applied to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to modify their licences as part of their licence renewal this year. The modifications would reduce the minimum amount of ethnic and third-language programming the stations must air each week.

Only the application related to CKDG has been published by the CRTC, but the brief attached to that application makes it clear that identical requests are being made for both stations. CKIN’s licence ends on Aug. 31, 2013, though the CRTC can issue a short-term administrative renewal if it can’t process a renewal application before then.

The numbers

Specifically, the request is to reduce the minimum amount of ethnic programming (that is, programming directed to specific ethnic groups) from 70% to 60% of the broadcast week, or from 88.2 hours a week (12.6 hours a day) to 75.6 hours a week (10.8 hours a day), and to reduce the minimum amount of third-language programming (that is, neither English nor French) from 60% of the broadcast week to 50% (63 hours a week or 9 hours a day). Note that the CRTC excludes the hours from midnight to 6am from the broadcast week.

This would mean the station could air an hour and a half more a day of English programming, and an hour and a half more a day of non-ethnic programming. Or, if they use that extra time only during weekdays, an extra two and a half hours of each.

That could mean instead of the drive home show going from 3-6pm, it could go from 2-7pm, though the station has not said what its schedule would look like if the changes are approved (or even if it will make schedule changes at all).

Minimums consistent with policy

The licence changes, though they might seem controversial, are consistent with policy the CRTC sets for ethnic radio stations in general. So it wouldn’t be scandalous for the commission to approve the request. But if the commission determines that there was a reason above-normal minimums were set (say, to give a competitive application an advantage – and CKIN got its licence in a competitive proceeding), it might be reluctant to provide relief.

Another change the licensee is requesting for both stations relates to the number of groups and languages it airs programming in. Rather than air programming in eight languages for six cultural groups, it wants to air programming in six languages for eight cultural groups. This makes a lot of sense (the number of cultural groups with multiple languages is eclipsed by the number of languages shared by different cultural groups) and is the norm in other stations’ licences.

Finally, CKIN is asking to delete conditions of licence that are no longer relevant. Some apply only to the first licence term, and another relates to possible interference with a station that no longer exists.)

The reasons

Griffiths explains the reason for the amendments in her brief:

The rationale for the amendments generally is to bring the (conditions of licence) in line with the standard requirements for ethnic radio stations as set out in the Regulations and in the Ethnic Broadcasting Policy. A secondary motivation is to harmonize the requirements between the two stations. In so doing, the stations will gain programming and financial flexibility that is critical for their continued success and that is the most practical approach for an independent broadcast group operating unique, ethnic stations in the competitive (greater Montreal area) market for commercial FM radio.

Each station currently provides over 88 hours of ethnic programming and over 75 hours of third language programming in the broadcast week. Changing the levels of third language and ethnic programming to meet industry standards does not mean that the stations will no longer provide high levels of services to ethnic communities. The stations will still be making significant time commitments to its targeted ethnic listeners, many of whom also speak French or English in addition to a third language. In any event, the levels proposed represent minimums the stations expect to regularly exceed.

Thus, from the perspective of listeners, the new COLs will have no noticeable effect on the quality or quantity of ethnic and third language, on air programming. Off air, though, these changes will have operational advantages for the Applicant, which in turn will benefit the listeners immediately.

Like most commercial ethnic broadcasters (think Rogers’s OMNI television network or CJNT under Canwest and Channel Zero), advertising revenue from popular English-language programming is used to subsidize third-language and ethnic programs on CKDG. This naturally creates a commercial pressure to cram in as much of that English-language programming as possible, at the most popular time periods. So CKDG’s morning and afternoon drive shows are in English, while most of the rest of the schedule isn’t. CKIN uses the same strategy, except its peak hours programming is in French.

Griffiths’s brief also sets some priorities for the two stations’ ethnic programming:

  • Reintroduce programming in Tagalog
  • Increase Russian-language programming
  • Move Mandarin programming to CKIN, where it would become a daily show (Monday-Friday 11am to noon)
  • Create a monthly one-hour series that would feature programming for groups not currently served by either station

The CRTC’s public notice says CKDG appears to have failed to comply with licence obligations related to the filing of annual returns and contributions to Canadian talent development (common problems for small stations). This is a serious issue because the station’s last renewal in 2010 also noted CTD contribution problems and was a short-term renewal for that reason. The CRTC takes a very harsh view of repeated licence violations, so if an adequate explanation isn’t given, the next renewal could be even shorter (as little as one year), include a mandatory order or other remedies.

The brief acknowledges that the station failed to pay its contribution shortfall by the Aug. 31, 2011 deadline. It blames this on the recession, but says most of the money has now been paid and it has come to agreements with MusicAction and FACTOR to pay off the rest by Aug. 17 and May 3, respectively. The brief makes no mention of the problem with the annual return for 2009-10.

The CRTC is accepting comments about the licence renewal of CKDG-FM, and its proposed licence amendments, until June 11. No hearing date is scheduled. You can provide comments to the CRTC here. The application is 2013-0229-9 (Canadian Hellenic Cable Radio Ltd.). Note that all information provided, including contact information, is on the public record.

3 thoughts on “Mike FM, CKIN-FM ask CRTC to reduce ethnic programming level

  1. Jason

    So if this station has already violated their terms once before, what do you think the CRTC is going to do? Will they get a deal? Or does the CRTC use a 3 strikes and you’re out rule. Meaning they would get an even shorter deal and if they screw up again it’s over.

    1. Fagstein Post author

      So if this station has already violated their terms once before, what do you think the CRTC is going to do? Will they get a deal?

      The CRTC’s approach to licence violations depends on the severity, and late returns or delays in contributions tends to be on the low end. Their primary concern is that the situation not repeat itself. If the commission is convinced that the licensee has taken measures to ensure compliance in the future, then it will probably issue a renewal. Cases where the CRTC has revoked a licence or refused a renewal tend to be for blatant disregard of licence obligations, such as what happened with CKLN-FM in Toronto.

      Repeat violations of the same type are serious, and I suspect the CRTC will be harsh, but it’s highly unlikely a renewal won’t come. Another three-year short-term renewal would be my bet, maybe a one-year renewal if it feels the station needs to be on a tight leash.

  2. greysky

    Wishing Mike Fm good luck, they provide a decent alternative to a bland FM environment in this city, how many top 40 stations can this city handle.


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