Montreal community radio station CIBL-FM 101.5 is in a financial crisis. On Jan. 5, it laid off all 13 of its employees and cancelled all programming, replacing all its shows with an automated music playlist.
Its board of directors has launched a committee to try to figure out how to get the station back on track. Its now-former employees, meanwhile, are mobilizing to save the station. Their efforts can be seen on the Facebook page they’ve started. More than 200 people have signed up for memberships, and other groups have raised money or attention for their cause.
But while there’s plenty of nostalgia and compiling lists of famous people who got their start there (RBO, Marie-France Bazzo, Jean-René Dufort), and lots of talk about the importance of the station and community radio in general, there aren’t a lot of concrete proposals for how to get CIBL out of its financial mess, one that is in large part its own making.
Fortunately, CIBL still has a lot of good will, and people with the power to do something are stepping up and offering to help, like entrepreneur Alexandre Taillefer (who is on the board of directors of the Société de developpement Angus, which owns the building housing CIBL) and Cogeco Media president Richard Lachance.
On doit trouver une façon de sauver @CIBLmedia Je suis prêt à mettre du temps pour y arriver. https://t.co/0aXHs1ukSo
— Alexandre Taillefer (@ataillefer) January 6, 2018
I spoke to Lachance last week at Cogeco’s annual shareholders’ meeting (which I covered for Cartt.ca). The company was asked during the meeting by MEDAC, a shareholders-rights group (which has been fighting the good fight to get big companies to do things like disclose executive compensation), about additional support Cogeco could provide for the station, and Lachance responded that he had spoken to CIBL about offering some assistance, though he was non-committal about actual money.
Lachance told me the company would like to help, either alone or in concert with other commercial broadcasters. But “they need a plan that makes sense,” he said. He was critical of some recent decisions made by the station’s management, such as the 2012 move to a storefront location at the corner of St-Laurent Blvd. and Ste-Catherine St. at the heart of Montreal’s entertainment district, a highly-prized location that increased CIBL’s rent considerably. He was also critical of CIBL’s decision in 2016 to subscribe to Numeris radio ratings, which showed the station had an average audience so low it fell within the margin of error.
At a meeting with CIBL members last year, director Arnaud Larsonneur said the station subscribed to Numeris after learning it would be much less expensive for a non-profit broadcaster who wants just basic numbers. Larsonneur has since resigned from his position.
Lachance has the right to be hesitant to give CIBL money. In 2016, Cogeco offered CIBL $375,000 over three years to keep it afloat (the money wasn’t entirely out of the goodness of their hearts — it counts for Cogeco Media’s Canadian content development contributions to meet CRTC licence requirements). Those three years aren’t even up and the station is already out of cash.
And this money crisis isn’t new. In 2015, the station launched a crowdfunding campaign, hoping for $35,000 in honour of its 35 years. Despite saying it needed the money to continue operations, it managed only $14,439. (During a 2006 radiothon, it managed more than $100,000.) There was talk the station might abandon its FM transmitter and be an online-only service. Larsonneur dismissed that talk at the time, but it’s still something being talked about.
Larsonneur also said in 2016 that maybe CIBL was paying too much in rent for too much space in too expensive a location (he told Le Devoir last year they pay $170,000 a year in rent). But two years later, it’s still there. (Before the $20-million 2-22 project, it was considering buying a building nearby on St-Laurent Blvd. It’s unclear, and will probably be hard to know for sure, if that plan would have been more financially viable.)
Funding crunches for community radio stations aren’t unusual, nor is getting money from institutional and government grants, but CIBL seems to have been unusually reliant on bailouts the past few years.
Among the grants that I’ve found press releases for:
- $189,000 from the Quebec government in 1999 to support efforts to improve its online presence
- $13,251 from the city of Montreal in 2007
- $350,000 from the Quebec government in 2007 to create the “Maison mondiale de la radiophonie communautaire”
- $50,000 from the Caisse d’économie solidaire Desjardins in 2008 to create an “espace citoyen radiophonique” at the 2-22 location
- $60,000 from the Quebec government in 2008 as part of its Programme d’aide aux médias communautaires
- $2.5 million from the Quebec government in 2010 and $1.4 million from the federal government for the relocation to the 2-22 building
- $375,000 from Cogeco over three years in 2016
Some of these are old, or for specific projects, but those last two were specifically to help CIBL afford to operate in its new offices, and it’s still desperate for money.
The begging might be a bit more palatable if it weren’t for the major programming changes Larsonneur made during his brief time in office, cutting many shows hosted by volunteers in an effort to make programming that was more audience-focused. Many people at CIBL saw that as Larsonneur trying to make the station sound more corporate and less experimental.
Right now, there’s no original programming on the station at all.
Last week, talking to Le Devoir, the chair of the board acknowledged that another infusion of cash won’t solve the problem. Nevertheless, the station secured some unspecified financial help from the Caisse d’économie solidaire Desjardins. Meanwhile, former employees and volunteers remain frustrated that programming is still suspended.
So what should CIBL do? It’s a good question, and I don’t have a complete answer. The station needs leadership, and should sit down with competent businesspeople who can propose some solutions after diving deep into their financials. They should consider a move, or a drastic reduction of their office space, or a new deal with their landlord. And they probably won’t be able to afford 13 employees when they come back, at least in the short term.
Le Devoir notes that CKIA, a community station in Quebec City that underwent a similar crisis in 2010, spent four years without employees as it got back on its feet. CIBL might be in for a similarly long period of pain.
One thing is for sure, though, bringing up RBO and pleading with people to buy $5 memberships isn’t the solution.
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